Throughout this document, the default example use case and business environment is assumed to be the most complex and sophisticated of the considered cases: the multi-organization networked collaboration environment, as when combining emergency and crisis preparedness and response environments, with governments, organizations, security, safety, privacy, health care, agencies, public services, individuals, media, and business enterprises.

This model context includes small and large organization considerations, requirements, privacy, and security, coordinating and synchronizing activities and processes between typically relatively different and independent collaborating partners who need to share and protect their respective information, knowledge, resources, processes, rules, and governance, according to constraints, rights, and responsibilities.

In this sample target contexts, organizations typically range from decentralized multi-national enterprises, including in media, to emergency and crisis response coordination, to knowledge-based coalition planning and operations, especially in cyberspace and web-based environments, information and safety agencies, to industrial collaboration projects, to application service portals, to grid like collaboration virtual worlds, to distributed knowledge sharing environments, to international and military collaboration missions, to small, medium, and large enterprises, as well as to collaborating individuals, specialists, and knowledge workers.

All these cases introduce serious process and governance issues but also rights, privileges, and security issues, including traceability and accountability, all in often life critical conditions. Modeling, simulation, mobility, agility, scalability, integration, execution, cross-cultural support, as well as autonomous vs centralized management are also crucial related issues that need to addressed.

The better we understand processes, the implicated resources, as well as the related issues and interactions, the more we can improve and coordinate them, increase productivity, as well as limit costs, waste, and pollution.